Considered by UNESCO "World Natural Heritage" and "Biosphere Reserve", this region has great biodiversity.
However, many animals in this biome are endangered, for example: jaguar, puma, marsh deer, blue macaw, among others.
This biome is located in the Upper Paraguay River Basin and covers the Brazilian states of the Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul; and a small part of Bolivia and Paraguay, where it is called Chaco.
The main Brazilian cities of the Pantanal, located in Mato Grosso do Sul are:
The main rivers of the Pantanal region, all belonging to the Paraguay River Basin, are:
Thus, during the rainy season, ie in summer, the Pantanal is practically impassable by land. While in the dry season, in winter, the rivers dry up and the clay remains, hence its name " Pantanal ".
So the soil that forms is used as pasture areas for cattle. Pantanal vegetation, depending on altitude, involves grasses, medium-sized trees, undergrowth and shrubs.
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According to research, the biome has approximately 1,000 species of butterflies, 650 birds, 120 mammals, 260 fish and 90 reptiles. In the fauna of the Pantanal ecosystem, the following stand out:
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