Biology / Omnivorous Animals

Omnivorous animals

Omnivorous animals are those that feed on plant and animal sources, that is, an omnivore has a very varied diet.

The origin of the word omnivore comes from Latin and means the union of the terms " omnis " and " vorus " which means "one who eats everything".

Because the omnivorous animal has a diverse diet, it is often classified as a predator.

Examples of omnivorous animals

Below is a list of 10 omnivorous animals .

1. Ostrich

Ostrich is a bird that cannot fly

Ostrich is considered one of the largest birds on the planet and has no ability to fly due to its structure and body weight.

It can be found in many places around the world due to its resistance to desert environments.

This bird has a complex digestive system and its diet is based mainly on insects, small animals, grasses and seed.

2. Chimpanzee

The chimpanzee resembles humans in their behavior.

The chimpanzee is a mammal that closely resembles humans, mainly for their behavior.

Their diet has a great variety, as they usually consume seeds, leaves, insect larvae and ants.

3. Squirrel

The squirrel is an omnivorous animal and has a varied diet.

The squirrel is a mammal that has its habit of eating seeds like nuts, hazelnuts and fruits holding by the hands and gnawing until the end.

In addition to these foods, the squirrel also complements your diet with small animals, so it is considered an omnivore.

They can be found in different locations around the world as they have the ability to adapt and develop strategies for living in specific locations.

4. Seagull

The seagull is a seabird that feeds mainly on fish.

Seagulls are waterfowl because they have the ability to swim. Given this particularity, its main habitat is coastal regions.

Its diet is mainly made of fish hunted directly at sea. In addition, they also feed on animal remains and eggs from other animals.

5. Skunk

The skunk is a marsupial known for eating everything

Skunks are animals known for their strong smell and resistance to unhygienic places. They are relative marsupials of kangaroos.

The skunk's diet is very varied because it does not have any restriction, thus consuming dead animals, insects, fruits, cereals, among other things.

6. Jabuti

The jabuti is a land animal

The jabuti is an animal often confused with the turtle, but the difference is where they live.

He is a terrestrial reptile, but the turtle spends much of its time in the water.

The food of jabuti is diversified because it consumes insects, leaves, flowers and seeds. Thus, this animal is considered very important for seed dissemination.

7. Maned wolf

The maned wolf is a mammal that consumes animals and vegetables.

The maned wolf is a mammal easily found in central Brazil, especially in the Cerrado. It is listed as endangered.

Their diet is varied among fruits and animals such as rodents, birds, lizards, snakes and insects.

8. Bat

Bats are mammals that can fly.

The bat is the only mammal capable of flying. They live in caves and are known for their taste for blood, so there is a myth that they suck blood from humans.

Its diet is made of fruits and flowers, as well as small insects.

9. Hedgehog

The porcupine feeds on the remains of other animals besides fruits

The porcupine is a rodent known for its defense strategy, which is to throw thorns at its predator.

They live in various regions of the world. Their diet is varied and usually consumes the remains of animals found in the forest, as well as roots, fruits and bark, since they have sharp teeth.

10. Bear

Grizzly bear can be found in many climatic regions

The bear is a mammal considered omnivorous for feeding on animals, the vegetation of its place, fruits and roots.

It is a large animal and lives in different climates and regions of the world, thus influencing its diet.

Characteristics of omnivorous animals

Omnivorous animals participate in various food chains as they can be classified as primary, secondary or tertiary consumers.

Other characteristics that omnivorous animals have are:

  • Short incisor teeth;
  • Canine teeth long and curved;
  • Acute or flat molar teeth;
  • Reduced facial muscles;
  • Sharp nails;
  • They have no digestive enzymes in saliva;
  • stomach acid pH;
  • Small intestine short;
  • Concentrated urine.

Trivia about omnivorous animals

Some animals that eat meat sporadically cannot be considered as omnivores. This is because the animal is classified as an omnivore only when its main source of food has an animal and a plant.

An example of this is us humans who consume meat and vegetables to maintain a balanced diet.

Another curiosity is that the human being is considered an omnivorous animal, however, with a differentiated digestive system . That is, our stomach has a low pH and the intestine is long, resembling herbivorous animals.