The origin of the Halloween party has a long history, as it has been practiced for over 3,000 years.
She arose with the Celts, people who were polytheistic and believed in various gods related to animals and the forces of nature.
The Celts celebrated the 3-day festival of Samhain, which began on October 31st. In addition to celebrating the end of summer, it celebrated the passage of the Celtic year, which began on November 1st.
Later, during the Middle Ages, the Church began to condemn the event, and hence came the name "Halloween."
During the Medieval Healers were considered witches and because they stood against Church dogmas, they were burned at the stake.
Thus, in an attempt to dispel the pagan character of the feast, the church made changes to the calendar, so that All Saints' Day was celebrated on November 1, which previously happened on May 13. .
Hence the name Halloween comes from the junction of the words hallow meaning "saint" and eve meaning "eve".
With the colonization of American lands, tradition was included in the culture of America, especially in the United States.
Interestingly, the Halloween tradition has been passed down from generation to generation, as there is nothing written about it.
In the United States, the tradition of Halloween is very strong. It was brought by Irish immigrants in the 19th century. Since then, the party is the biggest hit.
Children wear costumes and knock on their doors saying the traditional phrase: "trick or treat?" ( trick or treat , in English). The game is to ask for sweets, threatening to mischief those who deny the goodies.
Today, the celebration has great commercial value and the date is a holiday in the United States.
In addition to the United States, the party was spread throughout the world, with a strong tradition in Canada and the United Kingdom.
The children's request for sweets is related to the ancient Celtic tradition. As a way of appeasing the evil spirits people offered them food. Celtic women made a cake called a "soul cake."
The tradition of candle inside the pumpkin comes from Irish folklore and is related to the figure of "Jack of the lantern". However, in the original story the pumpkin was a turnip.
Jack was a drunkard who, fooling the devil, managed to escape hell. When Jack died, he was not accepted into the sky, so his soul began to wander the nights using a flashlight to light the way. The flashlight was made with a turnip.
Given the abundance of pumpkins at the time of the party in the United States, they have taken over the decoration of the party.
The main symbols associated with the celebration are the pumpkins with candles, the costumes of witches, skulls, mummies, ghosts, zombies, bats and cats. In addition, the most commonly used colors are black, purple and orange.
Although in Brazil Halloween has no great tradition, there are many theme parties taking place on October 31st today.
This was due to US influence and is therefore a recent celebration in the country. However, it is not yet compared with the festivities that take place in the United States. It was not celebrated before, but for 20 years it has become a habit.
Saci Day was introduced in the country in 2003 through Federal Bill No. 2,762. The idea was to celebrate something that belonged to national folklore and therefore is celebrated on the same day of Halloween: October 31st.
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