Claudius (10 to. 54-c) was Roman Emperor between the years 41-54 CE. It was the fourth representative of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. It was the nephew of Octavian Augustus and Tiberius emperors, and uncle of Caligula.
Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus, called Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, after the coronation, was born in Lugdunum (Lyon), Gaul, on 1 August of the year 10 a. C. Son of Nero Claudius Drusus, Quaestor and Praetor, brother of the emperor Tiberius and Antonia, daughter of Mark Antony.
Claudio had a childhood marked by various problems - was lame, stammering and epileptic. With a retiring disposition, remained away from public affairs, devoting himself to write the history of Rome, 28 books on the history of the Etruscans and Carthaginians, an autobiography, and a spelling reform project.
When the palace dethroned and murdered the emperor Caligula, putting an end to his despotic reign, Claudius was acclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard, who being over fifty years ago was the last survivor of the dynasty.
The Emperor Claudius proved to be a clever man and a skilled ruler. He was forced to reduce the power of the Senate to govern more efficiently, delivering the decisive political positions in the hands of freed slaves you trust, such as Polybius and Narcissus, laying the foundations of the imperial bureaucracy.
The Roman emperor Claudius ordered the execution of important public works: built new aqueducts to solve the problems of water supply of Rome, built a port at Ostia, landed the Lake Fucino and made improvements on the roads.
The Emperor Claudius restored the services that had been abandoned in Rome and fought those who were considered superstitious for that, expelled astrologers and Jews.
With regard to the expansion of the Roman Empire, Claudius definitely annexed Mauritania (Morocco and Algeria), in North Africa, personally directed the conquest of Britain (now England and Gaul), which became imperial province, also annexed the eastern territories of Lycia, Pamphylia, Judea and Thrace.
One of the features of Claudius's reign was the great influence that their wives had on the affairs of the government. His third wife, Messalina, powerful and influential, and has a reputation for promiscuous conspired against her husband and was executed when the plan was discovered.
Then Claudius married his niece Agrippina (great-granddaughter of Augustus), who convinced him to adopt as his successor, Nero, previous marriage of the son of Agrippina, rather than British son of Claudius and Messalina. To achieve their goal, Agrippina poisoned her husband and her son Nero was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
Claudio died in Rome, Italy on October 13, 54.