Isidore-Áuguste-Marie-François-Xavier Comte, known as Auguste Comte, was born in Montpellier, France, on January 19, 1798, where he made his first studies. Son of a Catholic family and monarchist, in 1814, aged 16, he joined the Polytechnic School of Paris, from which he was expelled two years later for leading a protest movement. He started collaborating with newspapers and giving private lessons.
In 1926, Comte opened a public course to expose his ideas. For 12 years he dedicated himself to the publication of the “Positive Philosophy Course” in six volumes.
According to the philosophical system created by Comte, human knowledge goes through three stages:
For Comte, sociology should use the same positive methods as previous sciences (observation, experimentation, and comparison), and a new method, historical affiliation. In this way, it would be possible to study and understand society, to reorganize it and reform it later.
The desire to lay the foundations of Positivism led Comte to propagate his new religion, with public lectures, letters to politicians and intellectuals from around the world. At that time, he published: “Positive Policy System” (1851-1854) and “Positivist Catechism” (1852).
Comte's goal was well matched, winning fans in almost every country, especially in Brazil, Chile and Mexico. The inscription “Ordem e Progresso”, by the Brazilian flag, was based on Auguste Comte's motto that says: “Love as principle, order as base and progress as objective”.
Auguste Comte died in Paris, France, on September 5, 1857.
Scientific Work Plan for Reorganizing Society, 1822
Booklets of Social Philosophy, 1816-1828
Positive Philosophy Course, 1830-1842
Discourse on the Positive Spirit, 1848
Discourse on the Positivism Ensemble, 1848
Positivist Catechism, 1852
Positive Policy System, 1851-1854
Appeal to the Conservatives, 1855
Subjective Synthesis, 1856